Spirit of the Revolution / Angel of Victory / Battle of Harlem Heights Memorial


Types of glass: 1. Opalescent 2. Drapery 3. Herringbone 4. Striated 5. Mottled 6. Nodular 7. Hammered 8. Fractured 9. Acid-Etched Flash

Painting on faces, hands, feet and on the second layer of the three layers of the wings Up to 5 Layers

This powerful window, featuring a militant angel, commemorates the 1776 Battle of Harlem Heights in New York. In this critical battle, the Americans stood their ground against British troops, regaining confidence after several defeats. It was also the first battlefield success for the great Commander-in-Chief General George Washington.

The Daughters of the Revolution, a nonprofit group consisting of direct descendants of soldiers who fought for American independence, commissioned this window. The well-documented window is described in the records of the Daughters of the Revolution from the original commission to the installation. This window was exhibited at the St. Louis World’s Fair before being installed at St. Luke’s Home for Aged Women in New York City in 1905.

Frederick Lamb was the head designer for his family’s firm. Still in operation, J & R Lamb Studios is the oldest glass company in continuous operation in the United States.

Special Features

  • The predominately blue and red medallions on the side panels have been enhanced through acid etching on flash glass and the application of silver stain. The former technique involves applying a thin layer of color to blown glass before removing some of the color with acid. The treated area is then lighter or clearer in color.
  • Notice the spectacular metalwork used in the construction of the collar, clasp for the robe, belt, and the triangular detail on the top garment. The designs are created with lead instead of glass, making the shapes look like real metal objects. The top flanges on the leading of each tiny piece of glass is shaved or nipped off to provide a more ornamental appearance. The layering of additional glass plates adds depth and enhances the metalwork.
  • This angel squarely faces forward wearing an especially unique halo, which consists of brilliant stars emanating from behind a neoclassical laurel wreath headpiece. The artist performed intricate cutting of glass around the stars to achieve a celestial effect.
  • The texture of herringbone glass is what creates the effect of feathers in the wings. Notice the fine ripples in the glass.
  • The robe was created using detailed plating behind the drapery glass. The white part of the robe is translucent giving it an otherworldly appearance.