Pine Needle Landscape

Pine Needle Landscape

Tiffany Studios



Types of glass:
1. Opalescent
2. Rippled
3. Confetti
4. Herringbone
5. Mottled
6. Nodular
7. Striated

No painting
Up to 3 Layers


The artist skillfully arranged many types of glass to create the naturalistic effect in this window. The exquisite vista includes verdant mountains, a towering pine tree, still waters, and luminescent sunlight. This tranquil scene could be either a sunrise or sunset.

Contrasts dominate the window. The illumination of the sky and lake is spectacular against the dark frame of the foreground. The landscape has an expansive feeling due to the large horizontal pieces of glass making up the sky, mountains, and lake. However, the closer appearing plants and flowers consist of small and delicate pieces of glass. These differences add depth to the scene.

Tiffany used a pine needle motif in many of his decorative items.

By the late 1890s, Tiffany and his staff began producing a new religious window type that took nature as its subject. Most if not all Tiffany floral and landscape windows were designed by the same artist, Agnes Northrop. She was one of only a few women creating windows for Tiffany.

Special Features

  • The distinctive pine needles were created by fusing stringers of glass onto other glass.

  • The complicated engineering of this window includes both leading and copper foil construction. The artist used the latter to create the small details. The perimeter of the window consists of leading.

  • After selecting the glass and cutting it into the desired shapes, the artist acid etched the reverse side of certain pieces of glass to mirror the sky. The correct alignment of the pieces during this process was crucial, as the rays reach from one panel to another down the mountainside to the lake.



Tiffany's Pine Needle Landscape is on view in the Treasures of Louis Comfort Tiffany Gallery on the first floor of the Halim Museum.